The Complete Guide to Maintaining Butcher Block Counters.

Butcher block countertops are the workhouse in my kitchen. I mix, chop, roll out, knead and spill on them. Over the years I’ve learned a few tricks for maintaining these wood counters but the one I accidentally discovered last week is probably the best.

Maple butcher block counters glow with 2 floating shelves of gleaming copper pots hanging above.
Skip right to the tutorial.

I’m sure you’ve been in this situation before. You randomly discover, invent or figure something out when you weren’t even trying to. Like when you’re trying to get dressed and someone knocks on the door so you quickly throw on a random sweater to answer the door and realize is looks GREAT in that mismatched, you never would have done it intentionally kind of way. 

Maybe you don’t have a certain ingredient to make a recipe and improvise with another substitution and it turns out better than ever.  You get what I mean, right?

Sometimes … every once in a while … you are an accidental genius.  Last week, I was an accidental genius.  I’ll get to that revelation in a minute.

Butcher block countertops – they might not be in the homes of everyone, but chances are everyone has a wood cutting board and if you do then this tutorial is for you too.  The way you take care of wood cutting boards is the same as how you take care of butcher block counters.

If you have a completely disastrous and disgusting cutting board you should take a look at this post which describes how to get rid of the gross.

“Not very many people have those” was my mother’s reaction when I told her I was writing a post on maintaining butcher block countertops.  She said this while watching one of her many reality tv obsessions which includes The Bachelor (a show where people who don’t know each other pretend they’re going to get married one day), Say Yes to the Dress and Breaking Bad.  She’s kind of suspicious about the authenticity of Breaking Bad as a reality show but she likes it so she doesn’t question it too much.

When I told her there are more people who have butcher block countertops than people who have successfully used a television producer as a matchmaker she just scoffed and proceeded to tell me about Tristan and Ryan for the billionth time, a lovely couple produced entirely by television who got married and are now presumably spinning off the next generation of reality show stars.

In a bold move, ignoring  my mother’s advice, I bring you today …

How to Maintain Butcher Block Countertops.

Maple butcher block countertops after 7 years of use developing a patina.

When I redid my kitchen a few years ago the one and only decision that was easy was my countertop choice. I knew I was going to have butcher block counters.  Genuine, 100% maple, hard as a rock, countertops.

I also knew I wasn’t going to baby them and I didn’t expect them to look brand new their whole life. Unlike my copper pots which I had just cleaned before this post. I actually never clean my copper pots so this is unusual. The odd time I’ll clean the inside of them if I accidentally leave something that badly stains the tin lining.

For me, butcher block countertops are a tool in my kitchen.  I slop, cut, roll, mash and create on them.  Wood is naturally antibacterial, self healing and NOTHING makes a better sound while chopping on it than wood. I want my counters to look used and develop a patina, but they still have to be maintained and kept in good condition.

I personally don’t try to get rid of the stains on my countertops unless they’re so prominent they’re distracting.  But for the purpose of this post, I’ll show you how to get rid of butcher block stains in case you prefer your counters to have no stains. 

2 FACTS YOU NEED TO KNOW

There are only 2 ways wood can go bad.  Moisture getting in or moisture getting out. Maintaining any wood surface in the kitchen means you have to a) stop moisture from getting into the wood and b) stop moisture from getting out of the wood.  This according to Jason Stafford of Talbot Wood, where I got my countertops made.  Oiling your butcher block creates a barrier that stops both of these things.  It stops moisture from seeping into the wood and stops moisture from escaping.

To stop both of those things you need to use a water barrier – oil.  Mineral oil to be precise.

What is Mineral Oil?

Mineral oil is a petroleum (paraffin) product with no colour, odour or flavour.   It stops water from absorbing or releasing. For treating counters you specifically need food-grade mineral  oil.  The easiest place to find it is in your local drugstore. Hardware stores sometimes carry it as well, but  if you’re buying your mineral oil at a hardware store make sure what you’re getting is food-grade mineral oil.

Getting ready to treat butcher block counters in a modern country kitchen with white brick walls and shaker cabinets.

 

HOW TO MAINTAIN BUTCHER BLOCK COUNTERTOPS.
  1. Remove everything from your countertops.
  2. Wipe them with a damp cloth.
  3. Scrape the surface with a dough scraper to remove anything stuck on the surface.
  4. Scrape light surface stains away with a razor blade.
  5. Sand deeper stains with 180 then 220 grit sandpaper.  (note your sanded area will lighten)
  6. Wipe counter clean with a cloth.
  7. Run your hand over the counter to make sure it’s completely free of grit or guck.
  8. Pour mineral oil directly onto the counter and rub it around the entire surface with a lint free cloth.
  9. Allow the mineral oil to absorb.  This could take as little as an hour or as much as overnight.
  10. Wipe the counters again to remove any residual oil.

Woman's hands with red nailpolish run a dough scraper across a wood counter to remove guck.

The dough scraper will get off old stuck on flour etc. that you didn’t even know was on your counter.

Running a paint scraper across a wood countertop to remove stuck flour.

A razor blade can help remove very light surface stains with a few passes.  It’s scraping off the very top surface of the wood.

Using a window scraper to remove surface stains from butcher block.

For deeper stains you’ll have to use sandpaper.   But know that when you sand your countertop stain away you’ll also be sanding away any patina the wood has achieved.  So the spot you sand will be lighter than the rest of the counter.

Sanding away water marks on a butcher block counter.

You have to decide whether you’d rather have a stain or a slightly lighter section in your counter.

Side by side of wood counter that's been sanded and oiled.

Once you oil the area the lightened wood will become much less noticeable.

You can also sand your entire countertops using coarse, medium and then fine sandpaper to completely restore them and make them look brand new again if that’s what you want.

HERE’S THE PART WHERE I BECAME AN ACCIDENTAL GENIUS LAST WEEK!

I can’t even remember how it happened but I used a magic eraser to erase a stain on my counter. It was something I did subconsciously for some reason but I’ve never done it before.

Using a magic eraser on a butcher block stain.

The Magic Eraser will remove surface stains. (It won’t remove dark water stains that have been there forever, but things like food stains will disappear almost immediately without lightening the colour of the wood.

NO idea why I never thought to use a magic eraser on my counter before, but there you have it. There’s no explaining the phenomenon of the accidental genius.

 

Running a hand along a wood counter to make sure it's perfectly clean.

Make sure the final wipe of your counter before conditioning it with oil is with your hand.  Your hand can feel any bits that a cloth leaves behind.

 

Drizzling mineral oil out of a bottle onto a wood countertop for maintenance.

I use mineral oil to help condition the wood but you can also use board butter. A mixture of mineral oil (or hemp oil in some cases) and beeswax.  You can read my post on how to easily make your own Board Butter here. 

 

Wiping mineral oil into a wood counter to condition it.

Don’t be skimpy with the mineral oil.  You want it to pool on the surface.

When you condition your butcher block countertops for the first time the oil will penetrate into the wood immediately because it’s so dry.  Just keep conditioning it for the first month until you get to the point where the mineral oil doesn’t soak in anymore.

A newly oiled butcher block counter.

Why do you need to condition your wood countertops?  Because conditioning the wood keeps it from drying out and prevents stains.  Water and moisture will bead up on top of the counter instead of soaking in and staining it or even worse, warping it.

 

Modern country kitchen with black and white check floors, white shaker cabinets and a ruffled curtain under counter.

Once you’ve finished conditioning the counters with oil or board butter you can put everything back where it came from.  Unless you’re me.  If you’re me you’ll see how great your kitchen looked with nothing on the counters and you’ll only put back half of what you had out originally.

Then day by day you’ll allow everything to creep back until it’s just as full as it was originally with the addition of a few new things.

HOW TO MAINTAIN BUTCHER BLOCK COUNTERS.

HOW TO MAINTAIN BUTCHER BLOCK COUNTERS.

Prep Time: 15 minutes
Active Time: 15 minutes
Additional Time: 8 hours
Total Time: 8 hours 30 minutes

How to maintain your butcher block countertop or cutting board with mineral oil, some sandpaper for stains and a dough scraper.

Materials

  • Mineral oil (food grade)
  • Sandpaper

Tools

  • Orbital palm sander (optional)

Instructions

  1. Remove everything from your countertops.
  2. Wipe them with a damp cloth.
  3. Scrape the surface with a dough scraper to remove anything stuck on the surface.
  4. Scrape light surface stains away with a razor blade.
  5. Sand deeper stains with 180 then 220 grit sandpaper.  (note your sanded area will lighten)
  6. Wipe counter clean with a cloth.
  7. Run your hand over the counter to make sure it's completely free of grit or guck.
  8. Pour mineral oil directly onto the counter and rub it around the entire surface with a lint free cloth.
  9. Allow the mineral oil to absorb.  This could take as little as an hour or as much as overnight.
  10. Wipe the counters again to remove any residual oil.
Newly oiled butcher block countertop with vintage cutting boards leaning against backsplash.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

How often should I oil my butcher block countertops?

That kind of depends. The age of your counter, how dried out it is, if it’s winter or summer and myriad of other things dictate how often it should be oiled.  BUT I would say a good general rule would be  to oil your butcher block countertops once every month or two.

They will need more oiling in the winter when the air is drier and less in the summer when the air is more humid.

Can you sand your entire countertop?

Sure! If you’d like to start from scratch so to speak, you can sand the entire countertop to take off all of the top  layer stains. Very deep black stains won’t come out but all of them will be made less noticeable. To rejuvenate your entire butcher block countertop sand with coarse, medium and then fine grit sandpaper using an orbital sander.

I don’t use paraffin products. What other kind of oil can I use to maintain my counters?

You can try a refined coconut oil (not the regular stuff you grab in the grocery store) which has been distilled and won’t go rancid.  You can also use Tung oil, but it could bring out a gold colour in your wood and because it’s made from nuts shouldn’t be used where anyone with nut allergies come into contact with it.

Do I need to do this more than once?

Yep. You’ll need to maintain the counter regularly.  ALSO you’ll need to give several coats of mineral oil the first time you do this or when the counter is realllyyyyy dry. If it soaks up all the oil almost immediately you know you’ll need another coat of oil. Just let it soak in for a few hours and then do it again.  When it finally seems to stop soaking into the wood quickly, you can stop.

Black and white checked VCT tile in a modern country kitchen with Blue Star range.

Which is about how often I hear about those lovebirds Tristan and Ryan by the way.
 

→Follow me on Instagram where I often make a fool of myself←

 

The Complete Guide to Maintaining Butcher Block Counters.

111 Comments

  1. Kristina says:

    A contractor told me the seams in butcher block counters have to be re-done each year. Is that true?

    • Karen says:

      Hi Kristina. Nope. That’s not true as far as I know. Perhaps you live in a very very dry area where they would separate? But I can’t imagine that. I’m not sure what he means or why he thinks that. ~ karen!

  2. Philip says:

    I think I would prefer to seal them with some kind of poly coating, to bottom and around cut edges like the sink opening. Thinking of using acacia BB. I don’t want the wood getting stained and having to scrape or sand it away and possibly cause a low area that would collect water. I see bars in taverns have a thick poly coating, and I want the look of BB but don’t intend to cut or chop on it.

  3. Carol says:

    I just added an island to my kitchen and was undecided about granite or butcher block tops. Chose the butcher block. I have oiled and rubbed off about 3 times but if I lay something down on it mainly paper it picks up the oil even tho I have rubbed the surface many times. What’s wrong?

  4. Grace says:

    Hello Karen,

    I will be oiling our wood-top kitchen island for the first time after, oh, many, many years. My only question: After the oiling is done, does the surface have an every slightly oily feel? Like, if I left a piece of paper on it, the paper would show a slight oil stain? We also eat and lean our elbows on the island, so I wouldn’t want any residual oil to get transferred. This would be my first time doing this, so baby questions…

    Many thanks!

  5. Phil Capaldi says:

    I recently purchased a used butchblock table – 3 ft long. It had a considerable number of grease on it. I sanded the table – and it looked great – but over time – I notice that there is moisture coming out of certain seams – and it reeks! I don’t know what to do – for I really like this as a table – and probably won’t cut directly on it –

  6. Marcos says:

    Your post on caring for BUTCHER BLOCK counter tops is so perfect. Well done. I am glad to see someone take the time to explain the care in such a perfect way. Easy to follow. I hope mom starts watching more of your post instead of reality TV. Ha Ha

  7. Stephen says:

    Hi Karen, great detailed post thank you. Not so certain if it has been mentioned but a tip for those dark black stains, you can use Oxalic Acid mixed with warm water and using a nylon brush you can clean those stains off. Oxalic is found in a few products (Barkeepers Friend being one) there are many tutorials online showing different ways to do so but can help with removing those dark black oxidized or water stains.

  8. Shelli says:

    I have put mineral oil on my butcher block counters. Now I am considering a coat of mineral oil and bees wax butter. My question is- if I do this can I revisit with just mineral oil or will it have to be the butter?

  9. Cathy says:

    I put mineral oil on my butcher block counter. It’s separate from the sink. I sanded it lightly with a block, not a sander before I did it. I let the mineral oil (lots), sit overnight. The next morning, the countertop, which was not bad at all before I did it, now looks wet in certain areas even after I polished all of the oil off of the whole counter with a dry cloth. I wish I had left it alone. Will this “dry”? Any suggestions?

    • Andrea says:

      How does it look now? It SHOULD dry. However, sanding with too fine grit of sandpaper may cause this too, but sanding too coarse can cause it to be rough. I had to research for mine. It sanded too fine, you are creating a super smooth and more dense surface area that makes the oil more difficult to soak in. It still will soak in if the is still thirsty, but may take longer. Just be patient with it. I’ve only had my counter tops for a month and I find myself applying finish all the time! I used Dark Half on ours, but am thinking of doing the next few coats of mineral oil myself 😊

  10. Jean Clayton says:

    Great Post. I love Butcher Block counters. I have a small cart with Butcher Block, guess I need to take care of it too!

    But I have a question about the little “table” display thing on your Kitchen island. It looks like it is maybe a fruit tray that keeps the fruit separate. Love it. Is it hand made? Thanks.

    • Cheverly says:

      Hey Jean (my middle name, btw)!

      That’s her homemade egg holder. If you use the search bar and type in “DIY rustic egg holder”, you should find the post and all about how to make it. :)

  11. Amy Luchetti says:

    What color stain is on your butcher block? I love the warm, light, natural color.

    • Karen says:

      Well, it looks natural because it is. :) For any butcher block that you’re going to be using for cooking you shouldn’t stain it. There is nothing on it other than the mineral oil. The more you use the butcher block and maintain it, the warming looking it gets. ~ karen!

      • Amy Luchetti says:

        Mine is a birch butcher block I bought at Lowes, not maple. Do you think that matters? It’s a really light bleached look right now that I am hoping turns more golden.

  12. Leah says:

    Hi! My butcher block was installed a week ago. I did several layers of mineral oil. These dusty dry areas keep showing up- is this normal?? Also, it feels more gritty the more oil I put on? I just tried to sand lightly but I’m worried if I oil again it’s just going to happen over and over and I keep removing the oil seal when I sand. Any suggestions!?

    • Karen says:

      Hi Leah. What do you mean by dusty dry areas? Is it random spots that are not absorbing the oil? And is it feeling gritty or does the surface feel rough, like the grain is being raised when you oil it? I’m not at all sure what the problem could be but if you give me the best description possible I can send the question to someone I know who manufactures butcher block. ~ karen!

      • Leah says:

        Thank you for such a quick response!

        It feels gritty, like you laid down a piece of 150 sandpaper across the whole top lol. Does that help!? It doesn’t feel like the wood grain is coming up.

        And yes! It feels like certain places aren’t absorbing the oil the same, should I oil those specific areas more than the rest?

      • Karen says:

        If the counter is new it should absorb pretty evenly everywhere and it’s very weird that it feels like sandpaper. I would actually contact the people you got the counter from. Did you have it made? ~ karen!

  13. Melissa says:

    Hello! Can you Please tell me the width of your counter top? Did you go with 1.5 or 2”? Thanks so much!!

    • Karen says:

      Hi Melissa. My counters are 1.5″ and they’re plenty thick. In fact, when I went down to measure them I thought in my head that they were at LEAST 2″, lol. So if you’re worried 1.5″ will seem skimpy, it won’t. :) ~ karen!

  14. michelle l says:

    I am considering purchasing butcher block counter tops, just concerned about the area around the sink. One website I read said to not use unsealed butcher block around a sink because of rot and discoloration. What can be done about that? Do you seal that area and just oil the rest? Or if you take care to keep an unsealed, but oiled, counter maintained will it be ok around a sink area?

    • Karen says:

      HI Michelle! I just make sure to oil my counters every once in a while and I always wipe up water from around the sink right away. ~ karen!

      • Tammi L Duis says:

        I’m installing butcher block this weekend. I wondered if you sealed or oiled the undersides before you installed yours? I know to let them acclimate for a day or two, but wondered about the undersides.

  15. Jorie Moore says:

    Thanks for the tutorial because we’re getting butcher block when we do our kitchen remodel. But we also want to do black and white checked floors like you have. What is the material of yours? Is it linoleum or marmoleum, or something entirely different?

    Thanks so much!!

  16. Todd Heyman says:

    thanks for the pos Karen – what about daily cleaning? after use.. i feel like using water even after conditioning roughens it up.. if i wipe id down every day

  17. Todd Heyman says:

    thanks for the post – what about daily cleaning? after use.. i feel like using water even after conditioning roughens it up.. if i wipe id down every day

  18. Shannon P says:

    Is there anything you recommend putting down under things that you plan to leave on the counter? I have a stand mixer that I keep in the corner because it’s too heavy to move into a cabinet every time I need it and I noticed black marks from the rubber feet on the bottom when I moved it out last. I’ve sanded the area and the counters looks great again, but now I’m afraid to leave anything on them!

    • Susan says:

      I purchased some clear silicone mats from Amazon that you can trim to size if needed. I put one under my coffee maker. I also conditioned my new butcher block counters with Howard Cutting Board Oil. It’s food grade and has vitamin E.

      • Paulette nuchereno says:

        I bought a bag of felt discs, sticky on one side. It slides beautifully across the counter. I use them on everything, even the coffee maker.

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