Fermenting Pickles.
The Ultimate Guide to Kosher Dills.

 I need you to put your Laura Ingalls bonnet on how because you’re going to learn how to make old fashioned fermented dill pickles in a crock.  

Overhead shot of an antique pickle crock filled with pickles on a rough, grey painted wood floor.


I made some pickles earlier this summer.  I told you about the one batch of Bread and Butter pickles I made and even gave you the recipe.

It wasn’t only one batch I made.  It was many batches

Only a person of very suspicious character would want to eat just one batch of pickles.  The same kind of person who only eats one cookie.  Or one potato chip.  Or who walks around their house laughing diabolically for no reason while wearing kittens as slippers.

This week I delved into the world of fermented dill pickles.  Kosher dills.

Regular dill pickles are O.K., but I was raised on Kosher dills and to me that’s what a dill pickle should taste like.  I tried fermenting pickles when I first moved into my house about 15 years ago and I can tell you I have never been so excited to rot something.  O.K., fermenting isn’t really rotting something, but it sounds more fun.  More daring.  Less hippie, more badass.

I have no idea where I got my original fermenting pickles recipe but I’m pretty sure it must have been off of a salt box, because after waiting patiently for 5 weeks for my pickles to ferment, what I ended up with were soft squishes of pickle made up of 1% cucumber and 99% salt.  They were the dead sea pickles.

I never tried them again until this year.

I have a book my neighbour bought me a few years ago called Wild Fermentation: A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Cultural Manipulation (DIY). It’s the book I used to create my own yeast for sourdough starter. Since it is dedicated to all things fermented and the sourdough starter worked out, I figured the fine folks who wrote it would have a pretty good handle on the fermented Kosher dill. Plus the author’s last name is Katz.

First a little explanation of what a fermented pickle is.

Fermented pickles are made sour or half-sour naturally.  There is no vinegar in the recipe (although some do include a little).  You simply combine salt, dill, water and pickling cucumbers in a crock and let them sit at room temperature for around a month. Some people add garlic.  I do not.


Two baskets of fresh pickling cucumbers set on a white tea towel with antique crock in the background and dill laid about.



Even though I accidentally grew pickling cucumbers this year (Kirby cucumbers) I ended up having to buy cucumbers to make these pickles because my pickles plants are kapoot.


Overhead shot of antique crock, baskets of cucumbers, salt and heads of dill laid on white tea towel.


I was, however, able to provide my own dill seeds for flavouring.  I grew a ton of dill in my community garden this year so I just went up there and picked the heads off of my dried up dill.

For your dill flavour in these kosher dills you can use any type of dill you can get your hands on.  Fresh dill, dill seeds, dill heads, dried dill (as a last resort).  But chances are if you can get your hands on pickling cucumbers, you can also get your hands on fresh dill or dried dill seeds.


Close up shot of dried dill head on white tea towel.


The book.  If you’re gonna buy a book about making kosher dills, you wanna go with someone with a last name like Katz.  Or Steinberg.  Or Greenbaum.  Or anything that sounds like they’d have a good grasp on challah, latkes or brisket.    Jews make the best pickles. It’s not cultural stereotyping if it’s the truth and something to be jealous of.


Overhead shot of Fermentation book resting on antique crock sitting on porch floor.


This is me.  This is me making pickles.  This is me making pickles by getting them ready to soak in water.  If you soak your pickles in cold water for a couple of hours before putting all of your ingredients together you’ll end up with crisper pickles.

Speaking of crispy pickles (nobody likes a limp noodle), the other thing you can do to get them to stay crisp is using a leaf with tannins in it.  Like grape leaves, oak leaves or horseradish leaves. Just throw a handful into the crock.

There are a lot of really beautiful, contemporary crocks for sale right now with the popularity of fermentation, but I like the classic, old fashioned looking crock for doing pickles.


Karen Bertelsen prepping cucumbers at butcher block countertop.


This is all there is in terms of seasoning.  Salt and dill.  Optional things to add are a few peppercorns and garlic.


Salt, dill heads and dill fronds on butcher block countertop.


Layer everything in your crock.


Antique crock filled to the brim with pickling cucumbers, dill fronds and a horseradish leaf.


That’s a horseradish leaf on top. Cover the pickles with water that has the salt dissolved in it.


Pouring water into antique brown and cream crock filled with pickling cucumbers.


Admire the beauty that is the fledgling kosher dill.

Make sure all of the cucumbers are beneath the surface of the brine by weighing them down with something. I just used a few sandwich plates stacked on top of each other but you can buy pickle weights for crocks on Amazon.

Antique pickling crock sitting on worn, painted floor with white plate weighing down pickles on top.

Then you wait. After just one day my pickles were starting to ferment. You can see the bubbles.

Water in antique crock at the first stages of fermentation with bubbles forming on the surface.


After reading Wild Fermentation I’ve figured out that what I made years ago must have been “full sour” pickles. That means they have a lot more salt in the recipe which makes them last longer. This type of recipe would have been popular back in the olden days when refrigerators weren’t around to keep pickles from going bad. So they used salt to preserve them.

The recipe I used from Wild Fermentation is for a a Half-Sour which calls for a brine that is around 5% salt, as opposed to the full sour which would call for around 10% salt or even more.

Mazel Tov!

Kosher Dill Pickles

Kosher Dill Pickles like the kind you'd find at a good old fashioned Jewish deli.
5 from 2 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Canning/Preserves
Cuisine: They say it's from New York.
Calories: 224kcal
Author: Karen


  • 4 pounds cucumbers small to medium size
  • 6 tablespoons sea salt
  • 4 dill heads fresh
  • 1 handful fresh grape cherry, oak, and/or
  • horseradish leaves if available
  • 1 pinch black peppercorns
  • 8 cups water


  • Bring salt and water to a boil, stirring to dissolve the salt. Let cool.
  • Wash your cucumbers and cut off the "blossom" end.  You just need to remove the blossom part.*
  • Layer your cucumbers, dill and horseradish (or grape leaves) in the crock and cover with cooled salt water.
  • Place a plate with a rock (or something else heavy) on top of the pickles to make sure they're completely submerged.  
  • Test pickles after a couple of weeks. 


*  This portion of the cucumber is said to make the pickles soft, so get rid of it. I've done my own experiments with this and it seems to be true. 


Calories: 224kcal


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