How to Choose & Grow Strawberries.

Growing strawberries, whether it’s so you can make your own jam or just have a constant supply for snacking, is easy, but you have to know which type to choose and how to grow them. Not interested in growing strawberries?  Picture this: A warm scone broken in half, slathered with a layer of creamy butter and thick, sweet jam.  Good. So now you wanna grow strawberries … here’s how to do it. 

Since I was about 25 years old I’ve been waking up early on the Father’s Day weekend to trudge out to a strawberry farm to pick strawberries to make my yearly batch of strawberry jam with. Because that’s what Laura Ingalls would do. And I’m nothing if not exactly like Laura Ingalls, minus the braids.  Plus my horse is a car.

Over the years pick your own strawberry farms became scarce around here and I switched to buying pre-picked pints of strawberries from a roadside stand or my local farmer’s market. 

Fast forward to present day and I have a 40′ x 40′ community garden with two full beds dedicated to growing my own strawberries.  I started to grow a few of my own strawberry plants, because really you don’t need a lot of berries to make quite a bit of jam.  Jam’s mostly sugar with a few berries thrown in for colour as far as I can tell.  Which I’m fine with by the way.  I don’t want pectin free jam, I don’t want freezer jam, I want 100% full of sugar, bad for you jam.

I got the strawberry plants from a fellow community gardener and they were great for making jam, but they were pretty tart which made them not as great for sitting in the dirt and eating them straight off the plant.

A neighbour had told me about some strawberries they were selling at the local market that were really sweet so I ran down and bought a bag. And they were sweet. They were great.  They were a “day neutral” strawberry that had that nice sweet taste you hope for in a strawberry but don’t often get. The market vendor told me the variety was “Albion” and I found the next type of strawberry I was going to grow!  Yay!  I had done it!  I found my next strawberry variety!  Then I spent the rest of the summer researching strawberries just in case there was something better out there.

Strawberries, like David Sedaris, are a funny little fruit.  You could read for hours and hours about them and still not entirely understand all there is to know about all of the varieties.  Not only are there a billion different varieties, they can be put into 1 of 3 categories.

Types of Strawberries

JUNE BEARING – June bearing strawberries are the most common strawberries. They have one big flush of berries in June that lasts for a few weeks. The name is a bit of a misnomer because depending on where you live June bearing strawberries can actually bear fruit in May or July. In warmer zones they’ll fruit in May, and in colder zones, not until July. Best for anyone who wants a lot of berries all at once for making jams etc.

Popular June Bearing Strawberry VarietiesAnnapolis, AC Wendy, Galletta.

EVERBEARING – Everbearing strawberries give fruit 2 or 3 times a season, not just once like the June bearing strawberries. However, they don’t give you as many berries in one big flush either. You can expect smaller amounts of berries flushes; one in early summer and one in early fall. You may also get a few extra berries scattered throughout the summer.  This type also needs long day lengths to produce flowers and then fruit. Best for anyone who wants two reasonable sized harvests a year instead of one large one.

Popular Everbearing Strawberry VarietiesFort Laramie, Quinault, Ozark Beauty

DAY NEUTRAL – Day neutral strawberries don’t care about day length at all. As long as the temperature is between 1°C – 30°C  then that little plant will continue to make flowers and berries. That translates to 35°F – 85°F for my American readers. You’ll get strawberries any time conditions remain in that temperature range.  I’ve picked a strawberry as late as November in my zone 6 home in Ontario.  This type of strawberry however, doesn’t like temperatures above 30°C, so if you live in a climate with temperatures consistently over this these wouldn’t be a good choice for you. Best for anyone looking to have a constant supply of strawberries all season long. First flush is large enough for jam making.

Popular Day Neutral Strawberry Varieties – Albion, Seascape, Mara des Bois, Charlotte



Charlotte is the strawberry I went with.  And it wasn’t easy.  At the moment Charlotte is only available from one distributer in Quebec (who has the rights to them) in North America.  It’s a strawberry that was developed in France and is a cross between the wild type of strawberry, the Mara des Bois and a Californian Cal 19 strawberry.  What that ends up creating is rumoured to be the sweetest, most fragrant strawberry in the world.  The Charlotte.  The Samantha on the other hand isn’t all that sweet and more of a tart.

You can see why I went with this as my strawberry of choice.

Update:  This post isn’t even 45 minutes old and I’m updating it. I forgot to mention that one of the GREAT things about Day Neutral berries is their ability to give you fruit the first season. With the more popular June Bearing strawberries in the first year you’re supposed to pinch off all the flowers so the plant will spend all of its energy on growing bigger and stronger as opposed to making fruit.  You don’t have to do that with Day Neutral berries.  You can pinch off the very first flush of flowers, then get strawberries for the rest of the first year.  No year long waiting period!



I took delivery of 100 strawberry plants (and 50 asparagus plants just for fun) on Monday and by Wednesday morning I was up at my garden creating the beds to plant them in.




  1. Strawberries like to grow on a hill with good drainage.  To accomplish this, dig yourself a bed that’s around 8″ high.  In that bed dig out as many holes as you need for your strawberry plants.  They should be at least 12″ apart.




2.  Fill each hole with a few handfuls of good compost.



3. Take a look at your scraggly little strawberry plant.  People call this whole thing a crown, but really the crown is the top portion that grows above the roots.  THAT is how deep you plant it. No deeper than the actual crown. You want the soil to land at the crown line where the roots meet the actual plant so all of the plant and leaves are above ground.



4.  Shape the soil in your planting holes into a dome shaped mound.



5.  Place your plant over the mound so the roots are spread out and facing down.  Make sure there’s contact between the underside of the crown and soil. No air gaps. Basically it’s like a bra on a boob.




6.  Fill in the hole with soil and press down slightly with your hands.



7.  At this point you should water in the plants. My community garden doesn’t even have the water turned on yet, so I’m going to have to count on some rain soon instead.



It looks sparse now but in a couple of months it’ll be bursting with strawberries.  Or chipmunks.  Or birds. One of the those things anyway.

I planted two beds like this for a total of 44 strawberry plants.  I saved some to give to my 6 year old niece who holds me in the greatest disdain, and gave the rest away.  Spreading Strawberry Love is the number one way most people get into heaven.  And porn.

That’s it. You planted a strawberry patch and you’ve earned your Laura Ingalls Bonnet Badge.

You get an extra long ribbon if you did it while wearing calico.




Strawberries are EASY to grow and they come back year after year. But to get the best results you need to choose the right variety to plant and how to plant the crowns properly. Here\'s my guide!


  1. Kat says:

    I don’t know how to pick out ripe sweet strawberries, but
    Grand – PaPa said to pick out the sweet / ripe raspberries and blackberries, look for the ones with the biggest holes in the back. When they are picked before they are ripe and still sour, aka what’s at the grocery store, they have smaller holes in the back of the berry. The ones picked once ripe and sweet have larger hollows.

  2. Bj says:

    How would you say the charlotte strawberries were? Sweetest you have ever tasted?

    • Karen says:

      Hi BJ. I did a Brix test and they tested around a 12 which is GREAT. I have to say every person I’ve given them to has said they were the most delicious strawberries they’ve ever eaten. ~ karen!

  3. Julie says:

    So, how did the berry plants do? Any fruit? Or just chipmunks!

  4. Stephbo says:

    I’m embarrassed to admit that I never realized strawberries came in varieties besides “wild” and “not wild.” And that would explain why I don’t have a garden. Between my lack of willingness to kill animals and my complete and utter ineptitude in growing plants, if I were Laura Ingalls Wilder, I’d starve to death.

  5. Carol says:

    There is nothing like growing your own strawberries as they taste WAY better then the ones you buy in the store. I planted Organic ever bearing and they bloom and produce all summer long.. and they are SO good.
    Love the blog on them

  6. Sue Holthaus says:

    Thank you for the source.

  7. Cindy says:

    I’m a lucky girl. I live near the Strawberry Capitol Of The World….Stilwell, OK. And Porter Peaches from Porter, OK. And blackberries from the Owasso Christmas Tree and Blackberry Farm is just down the road. I shit you not….berries and evergreens. In a few weeks I’ll do what I’ve done for the past 10 years: pop a couple of diet pills, grab my leather work gloves, stop by Starbucks for a latte to give the diet pills a good start, and head on over to the farm to pick no less than 30 pounds of berries for homemade wine that has earned the name Nitro.

    • gigi says:

      Okay, Cindy. I am intrigued. Is your berry wine recipe a secret or would you share? Multiple types of berries go in the wine or it’s strictly a strawberry wine? How did it come by the name Nitro? Explain diet pills and how that helps???

      • Cindy McMahan says:

        Hi GiGi, we have yet to make strawberry wine…blackberry wine gets made yearly because the farm is only 5 miles from our home. Every year we say we’re gonna make strawberry and peach wines because of our proximity to world famous fruit…but never do. (The brand Stilwell frozen fruit in grocery stores…Oklahoma.) Recipes for fruit wines are pretty much the same from fruit to fruit. We don’t have a secret recipe…just found it on the Great and Wonderful Google. You can’t really go wrong with any recipe…if it gets screwed up it’s something you did and not the recipe itself. We add a bit more sugar than whats called for because more sugar…more alcohol content…hence the name Nitro. As for diet pills…ever try to pick 30 to 60 pounds of fruit in one day? I need the extra push that a weeks worth of caffeine in two little pills provide. Wine making is very, very easy. After the initial investment all you need to buy thereafter is wine kits or fresh fruit. Bye!

  8. Jan says:

    I got interested in the Charlotte strawberries and found the nursery where they’re at:

    Only thing is, I can’t find out how much they cost.

    I ended up submitting my address, etc… thinking I’d get an estimate or such, but now I’m under the impression that I’ve placed an order (!)– without knowing their cost. Yeek!

    Karen– can you tell us how much these plants cost in US dollars?

    So sorry– but thanks.

    — jan

    • Karen says:

      Hi Jan, I paid $58.50 Canadian for 100 Charlotte strawberries. There was an additional $1.50 royalty fee on them. Shipping within Canada was $35. πŸ™‚ ~ karen!

  9. Sue Holthaus says:

    What is your source for Charlotte?

  10. Nancy Blue Moon says:

    Thanks for the step by step…I have tried doing strawberries in planters before and got not much of anything…Will try this in the backyard garden!

  11. Anne says:

    Great info! What was the L’Oreal Mascara that you and your readers recommended? Mine is now discontinued and need a new one.

  12. rktrix says:

    Thanks for all the helpful instructions, Karen. I’ve never heard of planting a root system “like a bra over a boob” but yeah, it makes sense. Mother earth. Wow!

    I await your prognoses on the Charlotte. This may be controversial, but do you find that fruit and vegetable breeders (is that the right term) tend to value a sweet flavor over all others? I’d like my strawberries to taste – yes, sweet – but also fresh, a little tart, maybe a little grassy, a little like pineapple, and deep dark red juicy. By going for sweet (and this applies to corn and carrots, as well as plums and other fruits) are we missing the essential flavor of what ever it is?

    Just sayin’. Happy harvesting!

  13. Carole says:

    In Florida the strawberry season is December through March. Even though I have lived here most of my life, strawberries still belong to SUMMER.

    Good luck with yours.

  14. Leisa says:

    Just a general thank you for the wealth of info you provide and for making me laugh so hard. You’re kinda like Martha Stewart’s (much younger) bad ass sister. Don’t know how u do it all … I just moved and I’m literally running from job to job to get the garden ready and I don’t have to write a blog as well!

  15. Marta says:

    Thank you so much for this research, Karen. I live in the high desert where temps can dip to freezing any night of the year, so day-neutral would normally be out of the question here. BUT this year I’m planning to build a floating garden (a la BioHaven) and plant strawberries and rhubarb. The effect of the floating garden will be greater temperature control, so I think the Charlotte may be a contender. The only trick will be making sure the wicking bed doesn’t soak up too much water.
    Also love your sense of humor. πŸ™‚

  16. Linda in Illinois says:

    I too am disappointed in the flavor of the strawberries you buy in the stores. They are sour and bitter and most the time they are rotten. I must invest in the Charlotte to try in my own garden. As space is a issue in mine, I can only invest in a few and will have to have a way to contain them so as not to spread too far. Any thoughts on that ?

    • TucsonPatty says:

      I quit eating strawberries because you can’t tell how good or bad (rotten/moldy/sour) they are going to taste, until you take that first bite! I guess I’ve just been “molded and soured” too often and am very leery now. There is a perfect tasting berry out there that I do like, but it makes me so squeamish to try them, in case it is a bust of a strawberry.
      Anyone have any hints on this? I guess I just must not love them enough to go through the pain of discovery!

  17. Leslie says:

    Great post! I inherited a dozen strawberry plants from a neighbour last year and they didn’t do much the first year in their new bed. This year, however, they are teeming with flowers. Exciting!

    Will you please do a post on your asparagus experience? We have a local asparagus farm up the road and absolutely gorge ourselves for the months of April/May. I’d like to try growing my own, but don’t know a whole lot about it. Plus, I just love reading about your gardening experiences!

  18. Codi says:

    Is it the porn that gets you into heaven, or the strawberry love that gets you into porn? I want to make sure I do this right.

  19. Patricia says:

    Unfortunately it looks like we lost a bunch of our strawberry plants over the winter. Not having the normal harsh winter I think had a lot to do with it. When we recently uncovered them, we saw that the mice took up residence in our strawberry patch and had one heck of a buffet. Eh, that’s the way it goes. If it was easy everyone would do it. New load of plants is on its way.

  20. Erin says:

    Happily, we still have one U-pick strawberry farm near Sauble Beach. It’s a great family outing and a nice way to support local farmers. I’m starting our own small patch so we can have organic production year round here at home. The plants arrive today, so great timing with your post!

  21. If there is an award for most imaginative garden writing I’d like to nominate your instructions on planting: “Make sure there’s contact between the underside of the crown and soil. No air gaps. Basically it’s like a bra on a boob.” Totally makes sense but I can’t imagine anyone else coming up with that analgoy. Genius comes in all forms πŸ˜‰

  22. Kelly says:

    Seascape are a fantastic variety too. You get big, juicy berries that aren’t seedy like some kinds. And as a coincidence, my son is eating some of the last of my frozen “me-picked” strawberries from last year in his cornflakes. Can’t believe I hoarded them for this long!

  23. I don’t know how I morphed into sweet potatoes (did you mention them in this article somewhere?) but I started looking through old posts on them and saw that you were going to do an article on planting sweet potatoes in a bin. I was thinking of doing the exact same thing this year and wondered if you ever got around to writing that article or even trying it out.

    • Karen says:

      Hi Linda. I’ve planted sweet potatoes in just about everything. They do really well in really large planters. Black planters are best because they retain so much heat and it’s never too hot for a sweet potato. ~ karen!

  24. Patsy says:

    Just loved picking strawberries in June in Milton, near Toronto ( in the past)…Now I get my strawberries in Prince Edward local. Love the squishiness, redness, and juiciness on a summer’s day. I make great jam with them. My strawberry plants don’t thrive but my rhubarb plant does!!! Strawberry rhubarb jam is made in my home all year round.
    Every try ground black pepper on strawberries??? Fantastic!!

  25. Renee says:

    If you like jam, you should cross the border and visit Hurd Orchards. It’s in Holley, NY. They make so many different and unique varieties of jam which all taste delicious. Hurd also creates fabulous lunches, delicious bake goods and an adorable market.

  26. Tiffany G says:

    David Sedaris is one of my top 10 faves! If you ever get a chance to see him do a reading live – jump on it! He’s hilarious & very though provoking!

    • Karen says:

      I’d love to see him speak live! And he does so much of it, I’m not sure how I’ve missed him. ~ karen!

  27. Jani says:

    Should of been whipped cream…damn auto correct!!

  28. Jani says:

    Just had a little bowl of the strawberries that I sliced yesterday. Of course had to drown them in shipped cream. Hope you do your next story on planting the asparagus. I love it! Probably more than strawberries.

  29. I agree. Homegrown strawberries are the best. Only thing is you’ll never buy store bought again unless it’s at a Farmer’s Market. Well that’s what I do. My husband has been growing strawberries for decades now and they are a completely different kettle of fish to the ones you will buy in the supermarkets. Oh my God they are gorgeous straight out of the garden. We used to move around a bit and the first thing he would do when we moved to a new place was check out the garden to see how much he could grow. He even grew Jerusalem artichokes by mistake one time (we thought they were turmeric) and they were so good. Tip. Said jerusalem artichokes may cause extreme flatulence:-) But yes, strawberries, wonderful little things..

  30. Lindy says:

    Brava brava, well done. Mara des Bois is what my strawberries are crossed with here. But I do have some Mara des Bois as well. They are not profilic – but they are my rewards for weeding sweets. Brilliantly sweet. They never make it as far as the kitchen. One thing the old folks do here (and that’s me too now) is to plant a row of leeks right next to the strawberries. Don’t ask me why and no one knows but it seems to increase both the production of the strawberries and the leeks. It’s worth a try doing it down one side of the strawberry bed to see if your yields increase. You have the room. Golly you are extravagant with your strawberries. At least you will have room for the runners in autumn.

    • Karen says:

      Thanks Linda! Yes, I got a whole other 20′ x 40′ community plot. So I’ll be filling it with strawberries, asparagus, garlic and flowers. I’ll give the leeks in in one of the berry beds a shot to see if there’s any difference. Thanks! ~ karen

  31. Gayle'' says:

    This is the summer of renewal–tearing out the raised beds, leveling and terracing (building tiers), and then starting over next summer. But berries are high on my list of plants to get in.

    And my mom taught me how to buy fruit (well, most kinds, anyway). It’s always worked for me. If that fruit doesn’t smell fragrantly of what it’s supposed to be, it most certainly won’t taste like it’supposed to. No matter how pretty they look, if strawberrirs don’t smell strongly of strawberries, I won’t buy them. Lots of little tricks to get what you are paying for at the market.

  32. JulieD says:

    Great post Karen, very informative! I finally planted my own just this past fall. Day neutral so I can be a jammin’ fool all summer long! I went with a tried and true for this area-Tristar. A safe choice, but I figured I need all the help I can get for my first time growing strawberries. Charlotte sounds great- something to look forward to finding and trying.
    This year I’m trying the green beans you wrote about -Emerite.

    • Karen says:

      They’re GREAT green beans! My absolute favourite. You’ll love them and never go back to another bean. ~ karen!

  33. Alisa says:

    Finally! I’ve been waiting for the strawberry post! (I need Charlottes. I wonder where I can squeeze them in….)

  34. peg says:

    try “Pomona” pectin so you can find a balance between sugar and fruit. πŸ˜€ I try to buy from the farm stand,picked red not green,ripe. sAlso love my strawberries dipped in melted dark chocolate. thank for info ,wish I had room to grow them. πŸ™

  35. Marla says:

    Karen, what is your stance as regards slug prevention on strawberries – sand, straw, eggshells? I do realize that you could probably get your chickens to do the job, but for those of us poor chicken-less folks, I’d appreciate your thoughts.

    • Karen says:

      Oh, my strawberries are far, far away from my chickens Marla. I hate slugs. I think the only thing that truly works is trapping them. Just digging a small dish into the ground so it’s lip is level with the soil and filling it with beer. Slugs slink in, then drown. You can get a LOT of slugs that way. But it’s super-gross. ~ karen!

  36. Mark says:

    You have the most interesting and glorious posts, Karen! And I even learned a new word today: proliferic! πŸ™‚

  37. leo muzzin says:

    you did not mention the “straw” part about strawberries?

    • Karen says:

      LOL. No. I did not. This year mine may be strawless berries unless I get my act together. Too much to do! ~ karen

  38. Kathleen says:

    I don’t like strawberries. There I said it. I find them disappointing… it’s like reading a really good review of a movie and when you watch it, you wonder what all the hype was about! πŸ™‚
    I do however thank you for an informative post. πŸ˜‰

    • Mark says:

      Unfortunately, most of the many “commercial” strawberries I have had over the past three years have been extremely disappointing.

      I think the path to true enlightenment and strawberry joy are described in this column… buy local or grow your own.

    • Karen says:

      THAT’S because you haven’t had a good strawberry. They taste the way you think a strawberry is going to taste but never does. Enter … the Charlotte strawberry. πŸ˜‰ ~ karen!

    • Ev Wilcox says:

      Thanks Kathleen! I was wondering why I was reading this post, as strawberries and I don’t like each other one bit! I do not like them at all, and my fingers tingle when I prepare them for my husband. They are beautiful little things, but ewwww!

    • Cindy McMahan says:

      Yeah….store bought strawberries are bland unless they’re are from a local grower. The thing about these berries…and I think all berries….they do not continue to ripen once picked. And you know how it is…the containers of berries at the store have a combination of unripe, half-ripe which might as well be unripe, ripe, and moldy.

  39. Paula says:

    I did the same thing last year, but I chose ‘Kent’. The first year you are supposed to pick off the flowers so that the energy goes into the roots and that was tough to do. This year, I expect to have many strawberries; I await my reward!
    I planted some Alpine Berries, and I also transplanted some wild berries (they are tiny but sooo tasty).
    Yesterday, I finished building a frame for the bed and covering it with bird netting because I have no intention of sharing my bounty with the birds.

    Btw – I *love* strawberries.

    • Karen says:

      I can’t believe I forgot to mention the most important part about Day Neutrals! I’ll go edit my post right now. You don’t lose a season with them. The first time they flush with flowers you pick them off, but for the rest of the first season you get strawberries. There’s no waiting period of a year like with June Bearing strawberry varieties. ~ karen!

      • Paula says:

        I did not know that. I find June bearing to be the best tasting, though. I am sure you will keep us informed on the taste of this new prospect, “Charlotte”. I am now craving strawberries.

        • Paula says:

          You are also supposed to snip the runners, but I kept them and planted another bed πŸ™‚

      • Cindy McMahan says:

        I need to do this…not on your mammoth scale…but on my puny one. I have two vintage Roseville planters I inherited from my grandparents. Are they called strawberry planters…the ones with holes all up and down the sides?? They’re just sitting in the carport empty and lonely. πŸ™

  40. Sandi says:

    “Like David Sedaris”….best thing I’ve read all day!

  41. Debbie says:

    Can I be second, too. I’m never this lucky. It must be because I love strawberries. In fruit salad. With grapes. And tangerines. Yummy.

  42. Debbie says:

    I’m commenting so I can be first. Impressive rows of strawberry plants.

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