You may be thinking to yourself, Hey, I don’t own chickens so I don’t need to winterize a chicken coop.  And you would be right.  Feel free to skip this post and instead read about how cheese was invented and how to make your own cheese serving board.  I will  wonder about your judgement if you do skip this post, but truth be told, I was already wondering about you.


Notice the automatic coop door? It is one of the BEST accessories you can equip your coop with.
Read my post on how to install an automatic coop door and which one I use.

How to Winterize a Chicken Coop

For those of you who haven’t been around since the beginning of my foray into chickens, I should explain how I got chickens in the first place.  My former fella, an imposing man stretching 6’4″ into the sky, with a tattooed neck and size 13 feet, came home one Easter morning cradling a cardboard box filled with straw and 6 downy little chicks.

I’d always said I wanted chickens, but I said it the same way one says they want to be taller, or try kickboxing.   They’re fantasy ideas that are nice to ponder but have no basis in reality.

Home he came with the box of chicks, plunked them on the counter and smiled at me, clearly thinking I’d instinctively know what to do with a cardboard box full of livestock.  I did not.  In the next few months I read everything I could about raising chickens in between building a chicken coop and keeping my mouth shut about how much fun I think it would be to own goats.

I’ve had almost 8 years of learning about chickens now with the most valuable information coming from experience, not books, the Internet or word of mouth.  One of the things I was most scared of that first year was winter.  I was terrified the chickens would be cold. I mean how could they not be?  I hadn’t considered the fact that chickens are covered in feathers and down and all the other birds in the wild seem to manage to survive without issue.  The truth is, heat is far more dangerous to your chickens than cold.  Having said that, there are still a few things you need to do to get your coop ready for winter if you live in a colder climate.

Winterize a chicken coop

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If you want a little more information on how to winterize a chicken coop keep on reading.

  1.  Clean out the entire coop.  This is especially important if you use the deep litter method like I do.  Scrape the ladders, walls and floor of any caked on poop.   At this moment, those of you who don’t own chickens but decided to read this post anyway are now saying “See?  This is exactly why I don’t want chickens”.

Winterize a chicken coop

2. Add in an extra-thick layer of bedding. I use straw because each individual piece of straw is filled with air which acts as great insulation.  I start with at least 6″ of bedding in the run and 8″ in the roosting area at the beginning of the winter season.

Winterize a chicken coop

3.  Block out the wind and snow if you have an open run like I do.  Half of my coop is made of hardware cloth which doesn’t provide much a barrier in the middle of a raging winter blizzard.  For the first few years I tacked up plastic sheeting like this to block the wind and snow, but two years ago I invested in plexiglass.  I had pieces cut to size to fit in each of the coop openings that needed to be filled.  If you do either of these things make sure you leave adequate ventilation at the top of the coop.  Ventilation is very VERY important. In fact, a poorly ventilated coop will also kill your chickens more quickly than the cold will.  Without adequate ventilation the coop will become humid which can cause frostbite in cold weather plus the air will be toxic with ammonia from all the poop.  So ventilate.  Got it?

Winterize a chicken coop

4. Keep your water thawed.  You can buy a variety of different heated water systems for your coop to keep it from freezing all winter, but the most economical way is to DIY your own.  You can either add small outdoor Christmas lights or install an actual low watt bulb into a metal cookie tin.  If you’re in a pinch and don’t have a metal cookie tin handy, you can go the even easier route using this method.  I have a whole tutorial on installing the lightbulb in the cookie tin here. Set your regular metal waterer on top and the heat from the lights is enough to keep the water from freezing.

Winterize a chicken coop

5.  Put your lights on a timer if you want your hens to lay in the winter.  A chicken is triggered into laying eggs by the length of the day.  They need 14-16 hours of light to regularly lay eggs.  Anything under that (like the 9 or 10 hours we typically get in winter) and they will spend all those extra hours sleeping as opposed to egg laying.  Supplemental lighting is a bit controversial with some owners preferring their hens follow the course of nature by getting the winter months off of laying.  If you do choose to use a light to help with continued laying set it to come on prior to dawn.  If dawn is 8 a.m. and dusk is 6 p.m. (10 hours) you need to set your timer to come on at 4 a.m. to get regular egg production.   I don’t do this during the shortest days of winter, allowing the chickens to rest.    I do however use supplemental lighting in the fall and spring.

6.  Heat the coop?  That’s another controversial subject among chicken owners.  I was convinced that chickens needed to be toasty warm when I first got my birds, but quickly realized that heat wasn’t going to make the hens more comfortable, it was going to make ME more comfortable.  Chickens are covered in feathers.  They’re fine in the cold.  Don’t fret it.  Keep the wind and snow out of their coop and they’ll be fine.  I *do* have a safe, ceramic, wall mount heater in my coop for nights that get exceedingly cold to prevent frostbite on any areas of the chicken that aren’t covered in feathers like their feet, combs and wattles.   Any nights that will be below 4 Fahrenheit or -15 Celsius, I will turn the heater on to raise the temperature by a just a few degrees.

Winterize a chicken coop

Winterize a chicken coop

If you do all these things you can feel confident that your chickens will make it through the winter comfortably. I wonder what kind of care goats need in the winter?

And would they like kickboxing?